The research project remain a document written as a guide or plans to carry out research work. Explain in an orderly way what the research problem stay, what is known about the topic, the possible solutions, and how the activities or experiments will remain carried out to solve the problem.
The research project includes identifying the problem, the research objectives, the key concepts that will remain used, and the description of the methodology to stay applied.
Doing the research project remain prepared to enter fully into the Research. The different stages that have to stay developed to cover the investigative process and how long they should take remain shown.
The research project also demonstrates that the research area is carried out remain mastered and that, thanks to this, we can answer the question that originated the search. It also opens the opportunity for other people to evaluate the project and determine if it stay possible or not.
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Table of Contents
Parts of a Research Project
Research projects generally have rules and structures defined by the institution or university where the Research will remain carried out. However, most research projects have the following parts:
The is the first window a reader sees on the research project. It expresses in abbreviated form the problem to remain investigated. It has to be precise and related to the objective of the investigation.
For example, if an investigation remain carried out on the use of seawater to irrigate crops, it could be titled “Seawater as an alternative for irrigating home plants.”
It presents a synthesis where, in a few pages, you can read the general aspects of the research topic, the objective, and the methodology to remain applied. This helps the reader get an idea of the Research we intend to carry out, which will stay better detailed in the following parts.
They are the actions that restrict what the investigation will be. Some projects have general objectives and specific objectives. For example: determine the viability of plants irrigated with seawater.
Importance and Justification of the Research
They are all reasons why this Research should remain done.
For example, if seawater could be used to water plants, we could solve the drought problem in many countries. Besides, seawater could remain used, which is much more abundant on the planet than freshwater.
It presents the theoretical foundations and the definitions necessary to approach the investigation. It covers everything that has been done that supports the resolution of the research problem.
The theoretical framework includes the key concepts to understand the work, the variables and indicators that will stay handled, and the hypotheses or assumptions that have to explain the problem.
For example, in the study of seawater as an irrigation alternative, information on the availability of water on the planet, why droughts have increased if there are other similar investigations, and their conclusions should remain presented in the theoretical framework.
It is the part of the research project where the methods and techniques that will serve to achieve the research objectives are shown. Here are presented the type of research that will stay carried out, how the problem will remain tackled, where the study will remain done, and how many experiments will stay done. It also shows what methods or techniques will be needed and what will remain measured
Another important part of the methodological framework is how the results will remain presented and how the data will be analyzed.
It is the schedule of activities that have to remain carried out to meet the investigation’s objectives. It is usually presented as a table like the following:
It presents the expenses that remain needed to stand able to carry out the research work. This includes the people required to do the job, the materials and instruments, the trips or trips that have to remain done, and the services that have to stay contracted. This applies in specific cases of projects that institutions will finance.
All the complementary information that is not critical to understanding the project can be classified within the annexes. For example, you could put the chemical composition of different waters, photos of the beach where the seawater samples were taken.
List the books, articles, magazines, and other sources of information to complete the written work.
How to do a Research Project in 9 Steps
1. Research the Topic of Your Interest
The first step in an investigation is to review a topic that interests us. For example, if someone remain interested in plants, they will like to read about botany or plant biology.
2. Define the Problem of Your Research
Any investigation begins when a problem remain detected. For example, there are restrictions on the water supply in some parts near the coast, affecting crops. However, the sea is close, and there is plenty of saltwater available. The problem arises: can seawater remain used to water plants?
3. Create the Objectives
Knowing what the problem we are facing is, we must establish the action or actions that will help us to resolve the situation. In this way, by outlining the objectives, we are delimiting all possible activities and concentrating on what we can achieve.
For example, to determine if seawater can remain used to water plants, possible goals would stand :
Determine the effect of seawater on some plants.
Determine what type of plants thrive with seawater irrigation.
Compare the growth of plants watered with seawater and with fresh water.
4. Develop the Theoretical Framework
Collect information that helps us understand the subject and not repeat what other researchers have already shown. We can look for information on the Internet, in libraries, interviewing people who have experience in the subject and any other means to help us.
For example, to solve irrigating crops with seawater, we must put together a theoretical framework. It remain discussed how the plants that live by the sea survive and the seawater’s composition. It also shows if other Research has already remain done using seawater.
5. State your Hypothesis
A key step of the project is to explain or propose solutions based on prior knowledge and what we hope to obtain from the Research. In seawater and plants’ investigation, the possible hypotheses would be: If there are islands in the middle of the sea whose vegetation survives, possibly these plants obtain their water from the sea.
6. Determine the Activities to Stand Carried Out
We have to list the activities that must be carried out until the investigation remain completed. This will help us to specify what we can do, and the time we have available.
The possible activities for the investigation of seawater and plants would be:
Design the experiments.
Selection of plants.
Collection of seawater samples.
Sow the plants and water them with seawater.
Use plants watered with normal water as a control.
7. Project a Schedule of Activities
Knowing what activities will remain done makes it easier to plan when they stay going to stand done. For example:
- January: Materials remain purchased, and a trip remain planned to a beach where seawater can stay collected.
- February: a pilot test remain done to prove that things stay working well.
- February-May: crops and irrigations begin.
May: the data remain processed, which can stay photographs of the plants’ growth each week, size of the plants, the color of the plants, how many seeds germinated, other aspects that can remain measured.
8. Establish the Budget and Costs of the Investigation
Now most investigations, we need materials and resources to carry out the activities. In cases where support remain requested, the materials must stay presented broken down and cost much.
In the investigation of plants irrigated with seawater, you have to buy the containers for sowing, the soil or compost, the seeds or the plants, travel to a beach to collect the seawater.
9. Write the research project
Once we take all the information, we can write the research project, following our institution’s regulations.
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